Emre Guldogan
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    Assemblages of ground stone industry have a variety of tool types and shapes. Recently the researches focus on particularly the places where they found on the excavation site, role and function of the daily use of the ground stone... more
    Assemblages of ground stone industry have a variety of tool types and shapes. Recently the researches focus on particularly the places where they found on the excavation site, role and function of the daily use of the ground stone tools.

    In addition to shape properties, the production properties are currently in use in the research methods. The researches about this subject can take place in the laboratory, as they can in the field. Also, the experimental researches are in the research methods of ground stone tools.

    As a result of unstudied assemblages, which are found on the excavations for many years, make it difficult to preserve them too. Part of ground stone assemblage, which have been subject to limited researches, are preserving in the museum’s exhibition halls or storage rooms. On the other hand some study assemblages, from ongoing or finished excavations, are preserving in the university laboratories. “Prehistory Laboratory” is one of these labrotories in The Istanbul University Prehistory Department.

    Laboratory of Istanbul University Prehistory Department has a notably rich collection with chipped stone tools, pottery, small findings and grinding stone collection. In addition, laboratory, where every year new findings are added to the collection, is an active research center for national and international researchers.

    The grinding stone assemblages until 1985 in the prehistory laboratory, where the national and international scientists sharing their researches and knowledge, as mentioned above has been studied as a master thesis. After the mentioned study, in this article the assemblages from 1985 to present, which has been added to the laboratory collection, will be explain by tool types, functional characteristics and statistical results.
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    "The Aşıklı Höyük settlement, dating to A-ceramic Neolithic, has an important place in archaeology, both from the point of view of it's assemblages and it's architecture. The ground stone tools found during Aşıklı Höyük excavations, now... more
    "The Aşıklı Höyük settlement, dating to A-ceramic Neolithic, has an important place in archaeology, both from the point of view of it's assemblages and it's architecture. The ground stone tools found during Aşıklı Höyük excavations, now deposited in Aksaray Archaeological museum, have been studied. Besides this, the raw material of the tools and the sources of these around Aşıklı Höyük have also been researched.
    Apart from this, the ground stone finds from other archaeological excavations in different areas of Anatolia and elsewhere have also been compared. In this work, data on ground stone finds, studied ethnoarcheologically, have been used as well."
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    The contexts and attributes indicating village life vary in time and space as this new Neolithic “way of living” spread to the Mediterranean coast, to Europe and to Asia.Specifically, one of the basic properties of the Mediterranean... more
    The contexts and attributes indicating village life vary in time and space as this new Neolithic “way of living” spread to the Mediterranean coast, to Europe and to Asia.Specifically, one of the basic properties of the Mediterranean Neolithic is a kind of
    pottery known for its specialized decoration called “Impresso”. Although this type of pottery is prevalent in Western Mediterranean regions, it is rare elsewhere except for some parts of the East Mediterranean coast and certain parts of Anatolia. The geographical expansion of “Impresso” pottery has been used for a long time as a tool for discussions on the origin and the spread of the Mediterranean Neolithic. Discovering a type of pottery that is technically, aesthetically similar to “Impresso” pottery will help to answer some of the issues mentioned previously. This poster discusses the properties of this ware, both generally around the Mediterranean and specifically within the site of Mezraa-Teleilat, in South-East Anatolia. As mentioned previously, “Impresso” pottery can be simply defined as pottery with a special kind of decoration made by pressing an object, such as bamboo, a comb, a nail, a shell onto the wet surface of a vessel.
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    In Near East archaeology one of the important problem is development of economy which is based on farming. However diffusionism of this economy among the other important subjects. In this sense, studies of Mezraa Teleilat have... more
    In Near East archaeology one of the important problem is development of economy which is based on farming. However  diffusionism of this economy among  the  other important subjects. In this sense, studies of Mezraa Teleilat  have important  contributions to the Near East archaeology. Especially, reflections of the transition from the Pre pottery  Neolithic to the Pottery Neolithic and development of the Pottery Neolithic cultures by layers is primacy. Discovering first pottery and process to become a widespread among the discussion subjects in prehistoric archaeology, in addition rareness of  find places which is reflect transition process and inadequate publishing in this places is affected to understand this new life style and  influence of the other regions. Fort hat reason, Mezraa-Teleilat excavation reports includes data processing  which is concerned Neolithic cultures basis and distribution/ enlargement.

    Spreading pottery to the west in economy based on farming different models explicable. Mediterranean Neolithic “Impressed” pottery basis problem is among the problems which said above. In this problems solution we have to take in consideration not only the spread of decorations, styles and technics but also the spreading of the new way of life which can be defined due to the “Neolithic Package”.


    Despite all of these names, “Impressed” is the most common designation and is used for the pottery of Early Neolithic Culture on the Adriatic coast, especially Palmatia and North Italy. A variation of Impressed decoration is “Cardium Impressed”. This variant, created by pressing the cardium shell into the vessel, occurs on the Liguria coast in Italy, South France, Corsica and South Spain. Except these regions, on the several parts of the Aegean and Anatolia and especially within the several culture communities which are dated to Early Neolithic, the potteries with similar decoration technique, appears Southeast Anatolia and Çukurova. Generally this pottery is called in these regions, pressed, nail-pressed or impressed. It appears in Near East, around North Syria  and Paletsine, in North Africa at Tunus-Redeyef.

    In the decoration, especially more intensely on the part of the Mediterranean, continues their presence by whole the Neolithic Period as the most common group of pottery.

    In the Levant, impressed pottery has been found in Mersin, The Amik Plain, The Lebanon Coast and The Kerkh Valley. At this time The Levantine Early Neolithic is more clearly defined and greater in density than The Anatolian Early Neolithic. Thus, we find Impressed pottery with other vessel types such as dark faced burnished ware, straw wares, red-slip ware and Hassuna ware.


    As mentioned previously, Impressed pottery can be simply defined as pottery with a special kind of decoration made by pressing an object, such as bamboo, a comb, a nail or a shell onto the wet surface of a vessel.

    Different types of impressed decorations are designated based on the type of object that is used as the instrument of pressure; for example “comb-pressed”, “finger pressed”, or “notched”. Specifically, “notched” or “jagged decoration” are made by stabbing or cutting small notches or cavities into the wet surface of the vessel with a sharp pointed instrument. If these decorations are made when the surface of the vessel  is wet, they become clay traces around decoration; if they are made when the surface of the vessel is dry they become smooth-edged.

    When looked on the forms of potteries which the impressed decoration seems intensely, we see global jars, big vessels with narrowing mouths and bowls which are not in a big variation appears. These vessels are simple and plain. The surface can be burnished or not.


    In this article, we will mention about the experimental laboratory Studies, which are made to define the tools and decoration patterns of impressed technics and we also aim to explain the details of known impressed technics. And mainly we will take in consideration of the data gathered from the Mezraa-Teleilat, which are about the decoration technics, that defined due to the samples from this site. And we will use the visual samples to explain the subject better.
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    Conducting experiments on completed and continuing research topics has always been one of the key ways of assessing and evaluating scientific investigations. As a discipline archaeology has profited significantly from experimental... more
    Conducting experiments on completed and continuing research topics has always been one of the key ways of assessing and evaluating scientific investigations. As a discipline archaeology has profited significantly from experimental research. The comb-impressed or so-called “impresso” ware discovered at Mezraa-Telelilat, an important research site for Near Eastern archaeologists, is notable because of its impressive distribution and the care taken in its production. This ware-group has already been the subject of several experiments in various studies. The current article assesses the results of the experiments conducted on the decorated ceramics from Mezraa-Teleilat using a methodology defined for similar wares discovered at the site of El Geili in the Sudan.
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